I realize this is very rough, but I’m just floating an idea for now:
Some people argue for bottom-up causality. That physics (such as the motion of subatomic and atomic particles) causes chemical processes which cause biological processes which cause psychological processes. Something along those lines.
However, this view seems to be in tension with our mind. Human consciousness. That’s because the mind can work in terms of top-down causality.
To take a concrete example, I can will my hand to type a specific sequence of keystrokes on a keyboard to produce this sentence. It’s not the physical forces acting on various subatomic particles telling my hand to move. Or if we go higher up to the molecular and cellular level, it’s not action potentials carrying neuroelectrical signals, neurotransmitters crossing synapses to act on neuronal receptors, and so on telling my hand to move. Rather, my mind is the origin or source of my hand movement. My mind is telling my hand what to do and neuroelectrical signals and so on respond in order to move my hand. That’s top-down causality, not bottom-up causality.